If you're in the process of constructing a home and selecting windows, you'll need to consider the location of where the home is being built. Each part of the country will have different requirements for windows, so be sure to pick the right ones for where you live.
The Southwest part of the United States is filled with high temperatures and deserts, thought during the night, the temperature will drop quite a bit. It's a region that requires windows with very good insulation. You can use wood frames because of the lack of moisture, which means the windows will not swell up and crack. You'll also deal with fewer issues with wood rot, so you may not even have to paint the wood to give it a sealant layer.
Living on the coat means that you will have to deal with sea air, which is known to not only have a lot of moisture but also plenty of salt as well. This is something you must take into consideration. It will help to have storm windows that cover the windows of your home, which will give them added protection from the outside elements. For the material of the frames, go with aluminum due to how sturdy they are. When combined with impact-resistant glass, you'll have a solid window that holds up to the coastal climate.
A home in the Midwest will be higher up in elevation and experience higher winds. The summer weather can be very hot, the winters cold, and the nights much cooler than the days. Casement windows will work very well, which have a hinge along the side and open up similar to a door. Some models are pushed open, while other have cranks. A fiberglass frame can help the window stand up to the climate in the Midwest, which will do a better job than
Living in the Northeast part of the country means that you'll see a lot more snow during the winter. There are also more storms, which can require storm windows to keep your windows secure. It is best to use wood because of the insulation it provides, but you can also use fiberglass. The Northwest sees less snow but is more humid. Vinyl or Fiberglass will work best, so you have a balance that works between summer and winter temperatures.
Work with a window contractor for help selecting windows when you're unsure what to get.